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Title: Perceptions of mixed-race: A study using an implicit index
Authors: Wright, B
Olyedemi, M
Gaines, SO
Keywords: Explicit perception;Implicit perception;Mixed-race;Social cognition;Stroop task
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Citation: Journal of Black Psychology, (12 November 2014)
Abstract: The psychology of race is in its infancy, particularly in the United Kingdom and especially regarding mixed-race. Most use untimed explicit indexes and qualitative/self-report measures. Here, we used not only explicit responses (participants’ choice of response categories) but also implicit data (participants’ response times, RT). In a Stroop task, 92 Black, White, and mixed-race participants classified photographs of mixed-race persons. Photos were accompanied by a word, such as Black or White. Participants ignored the word, simply deciding whether to categorize photos as White or Black. Averaged across three different instructional sets, White participants categorized mixed-race slightly to the White side of the center point, with Black participants doing the converse. Intriguingly, mixed-race participants placed mixed-race photos further toward Black than did the Black group. But for RT, they now indicated midway between White and Black participants. We conclude that at the conscious (key-press) level, mixed-race persons see being mixed-race as Black, but at the unconscious (RT) level, their perception is a perfect balance between Black and White. Findings are discussed in terms of two recent theories of racial identity.
ISSN: 1552-4566
Appears in Collections:Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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