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Title: The Influence of Geometry on the Thermal Performance of Microchannels in Laminar Flow with Viscous Dissipation
Authors: Lorenzini, M
Suzzi, N
4th Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2014)
Keywords: Micro heat exchangers;Viscous dissipation;Entropy minimization;PEC
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Brunel University London
Citation: 4th Micro and Nano Flows Conference, University College London, UK, 7-10 September 2014, Editors CS König, TG Karayiannis and S. Balabani
Series/Report no.: ID 163
Abstract: Micro heat exchangers (MHXs) may achieve very high heat transfer coefficients thanks to their small dimensions and high Area-to-Volume ratio even in laminar flow. The main drawback of these devices is the high frictional losses – especially for liquid flows – that make viscous dissipation no longer negligible. In order to enhance heat transfer, modification of the channels’ cross-section is a viable strategy. In the present work the fully developed steady laminar flow of a Newtonian liquid through a microchannel subject to H1 boundary conditions in the presence of viscous dissipation is investigated. Entropy generation numbers and FG1a performance evaluation criterion are employed to assess the influence of smoothing the corners of an initially rectangular cross-section, with an aspect ratio ranging from 1 to 0.03 under four different types of geometrical constraints. The governing equations and the results are expressed in non-dimensional form, the intensity of viscous dissipation being exemplified by the Brinkman number, which is demonstrated to increase its maximum allowable value when corners are smoothed. The results are reported as a function of the non-dimensional radius of curvature Rc and aspect ratio and show that smoothing the corners almost invariably brings about a benefit for a fixed heated perimeter.
Description: This paper was presented at the 4th Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2014), which was held at University College, London, UK. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Italian Union of Thermofluiddynamics, IPEM, the Process Intensification Network, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Heat Transfer Society, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group, and the Energy Institute, ASME Press, LCN London Centre for Nanotechnology, UCL University College London, UCL Engineering, the International NanoScience Community,
ISBN: 978-1-908549-16-7
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)
The Brunel Collection

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