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Title: Heterogeneous nucleation of α-Al grain on primary α-AlFeMnSi intermetallic investigated using 3D SEM ultramicrotomy and HRTEM
Authors: Yang, W
Ji, S
Zhou, X
Stone, I
Scamans, G
Thompson, GE
Fan, Z
Keywords: Physical metalluragy;Materials science;Microstructural examination;Intermetallic particle;Epitaxial nucleation model
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Springer US
Citation: Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 45A(9): 3971 - 3980, (August 2014)
Abstract: Microstructural examination of the Al-5.3Mg-2.4Si-0.6Mn-1.0Fe alloy in the die-cast condition revealed that a significant number of the primary α-AlFeMnSi intermetallic particles were found inside both the coarse α-Al dendrite fragments formed in the shot sleeve and the fine α-Al grains formed in the die cavity. The heterogeneous nucleation of α-Al phase on primary α-AlFeMnSi intermetallic particle was further investigated experimentally. 3-Dimension (3D) scanning electron microscopy ultramicrotomy revealed that the probability of finding at least one primary α-AlFeMnSi intermetallic particle inside each α-Al grain was almost 90 pct. The detailed microstructural analysis identified the primary α-AlFeMnSi intermetallic particle as the α-Al12(Fe,Mn)3Si composition with a body-centered cubic structure and a lattice parameter of a = 1.265 nm. It was found that the primary α-Al12(Fe,Mn)3Si intermetallic particle had a faceted morphology with {110} planes exposed as its natural surfaces. High resolution transmission electron microscopy further confirmed that the crystallographic orientation relationship between α-Al12(Fe,Mn)3Si intermetallic particle and α-Al phase was: [111]α-AlFeMnSi//[110]Al and (1 1 ¯ 0)α-AlFeMnSi~6 deg from (1 1 ¯ 1)α-Al, and the corresponding interface between two phases could be confirmed as a semi-coherent interface with a lattice misfit of 2.67 pct at 933 K (660 °C), which was considerably smaller than the theoretical limit (5.7 pct) for epitaxial nucleation. Finally, based on these experimental evidences and the epitaxial nucleation model, we concluded that the primary α-Al12(Fe,Mn)3Si intermetallic particles were both potent and effective nucleating substrates for the α-Al phase.
ISSN: 1073-5623
Appears in Collections:Brunel Centre for Advanced Solidification Technology (BCAST)

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