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Title: Fluid transport properties under confined conditions
Authors: Rudyak, V
Belkin, A
Ivanov, D
4th Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2014)
Keywords: Micro flow;Transport coefficients;nonequilibrium statistical mechanics;molecular dynamics
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Brunel University London
Citation: 4th Micro and Nano Flows Conference, University College London, UK, 7-10 September 2014, Editors CS König, TG Karayiannis and S. Balabani
Series/Report no.: ID15
Abstract: The problem of adequate description of transport processes of fluids in confined conditions is solved using methods of nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. The «fluid–channel wall» system is regarded as a two-phase medium, in which each phase has a particular velocity and temperature. The obtained results show that the transfer equations describing transport processes in confined spaces should contain not only the stress tensor and the heat flux vector, but also the interfacial forces responsible for the transfer of momentum and heat due to the interaction with the wall surfaces. The stress tensor and the heat flux vector fluid can be expressed in terms of the effective viscosity and thermal conductivity. However, the constitutive relations contain additive terms that correspond to the fluid–surface interactions. Thus, not only do the fluid transport coefficients in nanochannels differ from the bulk transport coefficients, but also they are not determined only by the parameters of the fluid.
Description: This paper was presented at the 4th Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2014), which was held at University College, London, UK. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Italian Union of Thermofluiddynamics, IPEM, the Process Intensification Network, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Heat Transfer Society, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group, and the Energy Institute, ASME Press, LCN London Centre for Nanotechnology, UCL University College London, UCL Engineering, the International NanoScience Community,
ISBN: 978-1-908549-16-7
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)
The Brunel Collection

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