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Title: Influence of a walking aid on temporal and spatial parameters of gait in healthy adults
Authors: Jayakaran, P
De Souza, L
Cossar, J
Gilhooly, K
Keywords: Walking aids;Gait;Temporal parameters;Spatial parameters
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: PM&R, In Press, 2014
Abstract: Objective - To determine the effect of using a walking aid on temporal and spatial parameters of gait when used for balance versus support on the dominant and nondominant hand side. Design - Repeated measures observational study design. Setting - University gymnasium. Participants - Twenty-seven healthy male and female adults of mean ± standard deviation age 44.74 ± 10.00 years. Methods - Five walking conditions (C) were completed by all participants on the GAITRite pressure mat. Normal walking (C1), walking with a cane in the dominant hand (C2) and nondominant hand (C3) as if using for balance, walking with a cane in the dominant hand (C4) and nondominant hand (C5) while allowing approximately 10% of the body weight through the cane. Main Outcome Measurements - Temporal measurements (swing time, stance time, single limb support time, double limb support time) as percentage of a gait cycle and the base of support for the left and the right foot for all 5 walking conditions. Results - A significant difference (P < .001) was observed between C1, C2, and C3 in percentage swing time and percentage stance time of the ipsilateral side, and in percentage single limb support time of the contralateral side. The double limb support time was significantly different (P ≤ .04) for both ipsilateral and contralateral sides. Comparisons among C1, C4, and C5 demonstrated significance (P < .001) for all variables. Post hoc analysis showed significance between C1 and C4, and C1 and C5 for all variables except percentage stance time of the ipsilateral side and percentage single limb support of the contralateral side. Conclusions - In healthy adults, use of a cane for balance modifies swing and stance parameters of the ipsilateral side and does not affect the base of support formed by the feet. When used for support, the cane alters the swing and stance parameters, and also the base of support formed by the feet.
Description: This is the post-print version of the final paper published in PM&R. The published article is available from the link below. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. Copyright @ 2014 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 1934-1563
Appears in Collections:Occupational Therapy
Dept of Clinical Sciences Research Papers

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