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Title: Influences of state anxiety on gaze behavior and stepping accuracy in older adults during adaptive locomotion
Authors: Young, WR
Wing, AM
Hollands, MA
Keywords: Anxiety;Attention;Locomotion;Older adults;Vision
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Journal of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67(1), 43 - 51, 2012
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Older adults deemed to be at a high risk of falling transfer their gaze from a stepping target earlier than their low-risk counterparts. The extent of premature gaze transfer increases with task complexity and is associated with a decline in stepping accuracy. This study tests the hypothesis that increased anxiety about upcoming obstacles is associated with (a) premature transfers of gaze toward obstacles (i.e., looking away from a target box prior to completing the step on it in order to fixate future constraints in the walkway) and (b) reduced stepping accuracy on the target in older adults. METHODS: High-risk (9) and low-risk (8) older adult participants walked a 10-m pathway containing a stepping target area followed by various arrangements of obstacles, which varied with each trial. Anxiety, eye movements, and movement kinematics were measured. RESULTS: Progressively increasing task complexity resulted in associated statistically significant increases in measures of anxiety, extent of early gaze transfer, and stepping inaccuracies in the high-risk group. DISCUSSION: These results provide evidence that increased anxiety about environmental hazards is related to suboptimal visual sampling behavior which, in turn, negatively influences stepping performance, potentially contributing to increased falls risk in older adults.
Description: This article is available open access through the publisher’s website at the link below. Copyright © The Authors 2011.
ISSN: 1758-5368
Appears in Collections:Sport
Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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