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Title: Functional MRI reveals expert-novice differences during sport-related anticipation
Authors: Wright, MJ
Bishop, DT
Jackson, RC
Abernethy, B
Keywords: fMRI;Sport;Perception;Action;Action observation;Anticipation;Expertise;Skill
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Citation: Neuroreport, 21(2), 94 - 98, 2010
Abstract: We examined the effect of expertise on cortical activation during sports anticipation using functional MRI. In experiment 1, recreational players predicted badminton stroke direction and the pattern of active clusters was consistent with a proposed perception-of-action network. This pattern was not replicated in a stimulus-matched, action-unrelated control task. In experiment 2, players of three different skill levels anticipated stroke direction from clips occluded either 160 ms before or 80 ms after racquet-shuttle contact. Early-occluded sequences produced more activation than late-occluded sequences overall, in most cortical regions of interest, but experts showed an additional enhancement in medial, dorsolateral and ventrolateral frontal cortex. Anticipation in open-skill sports engages cortical areas integral to observing and understanding others' actions; such activity is enhanced in experts.
Description: This is the author's accepted manuscript. The final published article is available from the link below. Copyright @ 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
ISSN: 0959-4965
Appears in Collections:Psychology
Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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