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Title: MAC-REALM: A video content feature extraction and modelling framework
Authors: Parmar, Minaz
Advisors: Angelides, M
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Brunel University School of Engineering and Design PhD Theses
Abstract: A consequence of the ‘data deluge’ is the exponential increase in digital video footage, while the ability to find relevant video clips diminishes. Traditional text based search engines are no longer optimal for searching, as they cannot provide a granular search of the content inside video footage. To be able to search the video in a content based manner, the content features of the video need to be extracted and modelled into a content model, which can then act as a searchable proxy for the video content. This thesis focuses on the extraction of syntactic and semantic content features and content modelling, using machine driven processes, with either little or no user interaction. Our abstract framework design extracts syntactic and semantic content features and compiles them into an integrated content model. The framework integrates a four plane strategy that consists of a pre-processing plane that removes redundant data and filters the media to improve the feature extraction properties of the media; a syntactic feature extraction plane that extracts low level syntactic feature and mid-level syntactic features that have semantic attributes; a semantic relationship analysis and linkage plane, where the spatial and temporal relationships of all the content features are defined, and finally a content modelling stage where the syntactic and semantic content features are integrated into a content model. Each of the four planes can be split into three layers namely, the content layer, where the content to be processed is stored; the application layer, where the content is converted into content descriptions, and the MPEG-7 layer, where content descriptions are serialised. Using MPEG-7 standards to produce the content model will provide wide-ranging interoperability, while facilitating granular multi-content type searches. The framework is aiming to ‘bridge’ the semantic gap, by integrating the syntactic and semantic content features from extraction through to modelling. The design of the framework has been implemented into a prototype called MAC-REALM, which has been tested and evaluated for its effectiveness to extract and model content features. Conclusions are drawn about the research output as a whole and whether they have met the objectives. Finally, future work is presented on how concept detection and crowd sourcing can be used with MAC-REALM.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University.
Appears in Collections:Electronic and Computer Engineering
Dept of Electronic and Computer Engineering Theses

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