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Title: Internationalization and technological leapfrogging in the pharmaceutical industry
Authors: Athreye, S
Godley, A
Keywords: Technological leapfrogging;Internationalisation strategies;Indian pharmaceutical industry;Antibiotics revolution
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Athreye, S and Godley, A. (2009). Internationalization and technological leapfrogging in the pharmaceutical industry. Industrial and Corporate Change, 18(2), 295-323.
Abstract: Internationalization is a useful strategy for gaining firm-specific technological advantages especially during periods of technological discontinuity as the pharmaceutical industry illustrates. The antibiotics revolution in the 1940s saw laggard US firms scrambling to gain capabilities in antibiotics. The possibilities of non-chemical routes to new drug discovery in the 1990s saw Indian generic drug manufacturers attempting to develop new drug discovery capabilities. This article compares the leapfrogging strategies adopted by US and Indian firms and shows that in both periods internationalization strategies were central to the technological strategies of both groups of firms.
Description: The pre-refereed author version of this article was published as a UNI-MERIT Working Paper under the title “Internationalising to create Firm Specific Advantages: Leapfrogging strategies of U.S. Pharmaceutical firms in the 1930s and 1940s & Indian Pharmaceutical firms in the 1990s and 2000s”. The paper can be downloaded from the UNU-MERIT website from the following link:
ISSN: 1464-3650
Appears in Collections:Business and Management
Brunel Business School Research Papers

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