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|Title:||Rise of human intelligence: Comments on Howard (1999)|
|Keywords:||Intelligence;Chess;Expertise;Flynn's effect;Howard;Intelligence rise;Visuo-spatial intelligence;IQ;Skill;Coaching;Practice;Deliberate practice;Chess programs;Chessbase;Coaching;Kasparov;Krogius;Environment|
|Citation:||Intelligence, 30: 303-311|
|Abstract:||Based upon the evidence that the best chessplayers in the world are becoming increasingly represented by relatively young individuals, Howard (1999) claimed that human intelligence is rising over generations. We suggest that this explanation has several difficulties, and show that alternative explanations relating to changes in the chess environment, including increased access to chess knowledge, offer better explanations for the increased presence of young players at top-level chess.|
|Appears in Collections:||Psychology|
Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers
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