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Title: Novel lithium Schiff-base cluster complexes as electron injectors: synthesis, crystal structure, thin film characterisation and their performance in OLEDs
Authors: Kathirgamanathan, P
Surendrakumar, S
Antipan-Lara, J
Ravichandran, S
Chan, YF
Arkley, V
Ganeshamurugan, S
Kumaraverl, M
Paramswara, G
Partheepan, A
Reddy, VR
Bailey, D
Blake, AJ
Keywords: Science & Technology;Physical Sciences;Technology;Chemistry, Physical;Materials Science, Multidisciplinary;Chemistry;Materials Science;Light-emitting-diodes;Conjugated polymers;Mutagenicity test;Devices;Conductivity;Transport;Layer
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Citation: Journal of Materials Chemistry, 22(13), 6104 - 6116, 2012
Abstract: A set of novel lithium Schiff base cluster compounds has been synthesised and characterised for the first time and tested as electron injectors in OLED devices. Their electrical, electronic, thermal and optical properties have been investigated and compared with the industry standards LiF and lithium quinolinolate (LiQ). Amongst the compounds tested, lithium 2-((o tolylimino)methyl) phenolate was found to enhance the efficiency of OLEDs by 69% compared to LiF and 15% compared to LiQ. The same electron injector was found to extend the lifetimes of OLEDs by six-fold compared to LiF and 4.3- fold compared to LiQ respectively. The crystal structure of the parent compound, lithium 2- ((phenylamino)methyl)phenolate reveals that the compound is tetrameric in contrast to hexameric LiQ. Substituting the methyl group with fluorine causes a remarkable depression of the HOMO and LUMO levels by up to 1.2 eV. Analysis of current density vs. voltage characteristics of single-layer devices for Li–Al/electron injector/Li–Al and Al/electron injector/Al reveals that both sets of devices are operating as electron-only devices indicating that the formation of free lithium is the cause of enhanced electron injection, but either the energetic aluminium atoms (as proposed previously by other workers) or energetic lithium complexes on an aluminium surface (as we have demonstrated in this paper) are all that is required for efficient electron injection.
Description: This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2012
ISSN: 0959-9428
Appears in Collections:Materials Engineering
Wolfson Centre for Materials Processing

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