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Title: Microstructural evolution and solidification behavior of Al-Mg-Si alloy in high-pressure die casting
Authors: Ji, S
Wang, Y
Watson, D
Fan, Z
Keywords: Eutectic phase;Grain-refinement;Solidification behavior;High-pressure die casting
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 44A(7), 3185 - 3197, 2013
Abstract: Microstructural evolution and solidification behavior of Al-5 wt pct Mg-1.5 wt pct Si-0.6 wt pct Mn-0.2 wt pct Ti alloy have been investigated using high-pressure die casting. Solidification commences with the formation of primary a-Al phase in the shot sleeve and is completed in the die cavity. The average size of dendrites and fragmented dendrites of the primary a-Al phase formed in the shot sleeve is 43 lm, and the globular primary a-Al grains formed inside the die cavity is at a size of 7.5 lm. Solidification inside the die cavity also forms the lamellar Al-Mg2Si eutectic phase and the Fe-rich intermetallics. The size of the eutectic cells is about 10 lm, in which the lamellar a-Al phase is 0.41 lm thick. The Fe-rich intermetallic compound exhibits a compact morphology and is less than 2 lm with a composition of 1.62 at. pct Si, 3.94 at. pct Fe, and 2.31 at. pct Mn. A solute-enriched circular band is always observed parallel to the surface of the casting. The band zone separates the outer skin region from the central region of the casting. The solute concentration is consistent in the skin region and shows a general drop toward the center inside the band for Mg and Si. The peak of the solute enrichment in the band zone is much higher than the nominal composition of the alloy. The die casting exhibits a combination of brittle and ductile fracture. There is no significant difference on the fracture morphology in the three regions. The band zone is not significantly detrimental in terms of the fracture mechanism in the die casting. Calculations using the Mullins and Sekerka stability criterion reveal that the solidification of the primary a-Al phase inside the die cavity has been completed before the spherical a-Al globules begin to lose their stability, but the a-Al grains formed in the shot sleeve exceed the limit of spherical growth and therefore exhibit a dendritic morphology
Description: Copyright @ 2013 ASM International. This paper was published in Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 44A(7), 3185 - 3197 and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of ASM International. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplications of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of this paper are prohibited.
ISSN: 1073-5623
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Brunel Centre for Advanced Solidification Technology (BCAST)

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