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Title: Analysis of telomere length and function in radiosensitive mouse and human cells in response to DNA-PKcs inhibition
Authors: Yasaei, H
Gozaly-Chianea, Y
Slijepcevic, P
Keywords: Telomere length;DNA-PKcs;Artemis;Mouse lymphoma;Telomere dysfunction;IC86621;Flow-FISH;Radiosensitivity
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: BioMed Central
Citation: Genome Integr, 4(1), 2, 2013
Abstract: Telomeres, the physical ends of chromosomes, play an important role in preserving genomic integrity. This protection is supported by telomere binding proteins collectively known as the shelterin complex. The shelterin complex protects chromosome ends by suppressing DNA damage response and acting as a regulator of telomere length maintenance by telomerase, an enzyme that elongates telomeres. Telomere dysfunction manifests in different forms including chromosomal end-to-end fusion, telomere shortening and p53-dependent apoptosis and/or senescence. An important shelterin-associated protein with critical role in telomere protection in human and mouse cells is the catalytic subunit of DNA-protein kinase (DNA-PKcs). DNA-PKcs deficiency in mouse cells results in elevated levels of spontaneous telomeric fusion, a marker of telomere dysfunction, but does not cause telomere length shortening. Similarly, inhibition of DNA-PKcs with chemical inhibitor, IC86621, prevents chromosomal end protection through mechanism reminiscent of dominant-negative reduction in DNA-PKcs activity.
Description: © 2013 Yasaei et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
This article has been made available through the Brunel Open Access Publishing Fund.
Appears in Collections:Biological Sciences
Brunel OA Publishing Fund
Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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