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Title: Teleconsultation perspective for cardiovascular patients in Saudi Arabia
Authors: Almotiri, Naif
Advisors: Clarke, M
Keywords: Telemedicine;Information and communication technology;Teleconsultation;Patient care pathway;Cardiovascular disease
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Brunel University, School of Information Systems, Computing and Mathematics
Abstract: This research of teleconsultation services aims to improve the quality of diagnosis and treatment for rural cardiovascular patients through utilizing distant medical expertise. Equitable access to expert healthcare as well as improved medical management for these patients can assist in modifying cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and reduce morbidity and mortality in Saudi Arabia. The objectives were to design and develop a new care pathway for cardiovascular disease patients by utilizing teleconsultation technology, investigate factors and issues that might act as barriers to its adoption, and then evaluate the impact of this model on the stakeholders. A small scale pilot project was used to determine the issues of technology, processes and human resources required to deliver an effective service with the context of the research setting. Four primary healthcare centres, two regional hospitals, fifteen patients and sixty other participant stakeholders were included in this study. An approach using (PCP) patient care pathways was used to introduce the teleconsultation technology and integrate it within the healthcare delivery system. Compared to the traditional PCP, the modified PCP utilising teleconsultation technology improved the quality of healthcare through:  Improved access to medical care and quality of diagnosis by obtaining the expertise of a distant specialist.  More efficient medical evaluation and management.  Enhanced role of primary healthcare centres and participating hospitals by providing all levels of health services for patients.  Evidence-based referral (reduced waiting time, reduced burden on outpatient clinics). The telconsultation adoption barriers included:  Inadequacy of finance  Limited infrastructure  Legal and regularity difficulties.  Organization issues.  Literacy on technology. This study recommends the following for telemedicine implementation in the country:  Promote perception and readiness for ICT services with the healthcare community.  Enhance structural readiness including appropriate infrastructure and adequate funding, human resources and equipment.  Proactive policies to encourage growth of the telecommunication sector and to address concerns regarding privacy and security.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University.
Appears in Collections:Computer Science
Dept of Computer Science Theses

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