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Title: Flow and particle deposition using an integrated CFD model of the respiratory system
Authors: Alexopoulos, AH
Karakosta, P
Kiparissides, C
3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011)
Keywords: Respiratory;Pulmonary;CFD;Particles;Deposition;Nasal
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Brunel University
Citation: 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece, 22-24 August 2011
Abstract: In the present study a theoretical investigation on flow, particle motion, and deposition in the respiratory system is reported. An integrated computational model of the respiratory system is developed comprised of nine sequential computational blocks corresponding to the nasal cavity, the pharyngo-trachea, and a series of branches of the pulmonary system. Airflow during steady-state inhalation inside the human respiratory system was determined using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for inlet velocities, vin = 1-20 m/s, corresponding to inhalation flow rates of 9 to 180 L/min, and particle deposition was examined in detail for particle sizes, D=1-20μm. Local deposition efficiencies as well as spatial distribution of deposited particles were found to be strongly dependent on the particle size and volumetric flow rate.
Description: This paper was presented at the 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011), which was held at the Makedonia Palace Hotel, Thessaloniki in Greece. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Italian Union of Thermofluiddynamics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University of Thessaly, IPEM, the Process Intensification Network, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Heat Transfer Society, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group, and the Energy Institute.
ISBN: 978-1-902316-98-7
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)
The Brunel Collection

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