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Title: Significance of the microfluidic concepts for the improvement of macroscopic models of transport phenomena
Authors: Krol, M
3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011)
Keywords: Dynamics of disperse systems;Single- and multiphase flows;Interdisciplinary education
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Brunel University
Citation: 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece, 22-24 August 2011
Abstract: Complexity of transport phenomena - ranging from macroscopic motion of matter, heat transfer, over to the molecular motions determining the overall flow properties of fluids, or generally aggregation states of matter – inhibited development of a single mathematical model describing simultaneously transport processes at all relevant scales. In classical engineering sciences at each scale level we have different equations, different fundamental variables and different methods of solution [4]. The established basis of the classical fluid dynamics - the Navier-Stokes equations [1, 3] - have apparently nothing in common with molecular physics. At the macroscopic scale of motion the molecular structure of matter and the microscopic molecular motions are ignored (even though they determine the local macroscopic behaviour) [1, 3, 4]. To describe multiphase flows, still other methods must be used – increasing further the number of equations, methods of solution etc. The serious disadvantage of this approach is, that equations describing macroscopic models (Navier-Stokes and there from derived equations), introduce multiple theoretical problems: - higher order continuity requirements [3]; - numerous paradoxes in simple macroscopic flows (Bernoulli eq.); - different equations with different fundamental variables and different methods of solution, build a set of disciplines devoted in principle to a single problem – dynamics of disperse systems.
Description: This paper was presented at the 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011), which was held at the Makedonia Palace Hotel, Thessaloniki in Greece. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Italian Union of Thermofluiddynamics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University of Thessaly, IPEM, the Process Intensification Network, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Heat Transfer Society, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group, and the Energy Institute.
ISBN: 978-1-902316-98-7
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)
The Brunel Collection

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