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Title: Three-dimensional micro-droplet collision simulation using the Lattice Boltzmann method
Authors: Lycett-Brown, DJ
Luo, KH
3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011)
Keywords: Lattice Boltzmann method;Multiphase flow;Binary droplet collision
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Brunel University
Citation: 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece, 22-24 August 2011
Abstract: The modelling of binary droplet collisions has important applications in many engineering problems, including spray coating and fuel injection. The Lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) is a well established technique for modelling multiphase fluids, and does so without the difficulties of explicit interface tracking found in other CFD methods. However, simulating droplet collisions under realistic conditions remains a complex problem. Challenges include reproducing the different collision outcomes observed experimentally (Qian and Law, 1997), and maintaining a stable simulation at sufficiently high Reynolds and Weber numbers, and with a high density ratio between the liquid and gas phases. Although previous studies have achieved these goals individually, they have not been successfully combined to simulate droplet collisions with realistic physical parameters. A number of different methods for extending the LBM for multiphase flow exist, with the Shan-Chen interparticle potential method (Shan and Chen, 1993) being the basic model used here. Many extensions to improve the original Shan-Chen method have been proposed, to improve achievable Reynolds number and density ratio. Using combinations of these, both coalescence and separation of two-dimensional droplets were successfully simulated at density ratios of order 1000, and high Weber numbers (Lycett-Brown et al., 2011). In this study, the developed methodologies in Lycett-Brown et al. (2011) are extended to simulate three dimensional micro-droplet collisions by making use of the LBM’s excellent scalability on massively parallel computers. These high-resolution simulations are also compared with low-resolution three-dimensional simulations using a multiple-relaxation-time LBM approach (Monaco and Luo, 2008).
Description: This paper was presented at the 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011), which was held at the Makedonia Palace Hotel, Thessaloniki in Greece. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Italian Union of Thermofluiddynamics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University of Thessaly, IPEM, the Process Intensification Network, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Heat Transfer Society, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group, and the Energy Institute.
ISBN: 978-1-902316-98-7
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)
The Brunel Collection

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