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Title: Nonlinear effects on migration of charged spherical rigid/soft particle in an unbounded electrolyte solution
Authors: Bhattacharya, S
Gopmandal, PP
3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011)
Keywords: Colloidal particle;Eletrophoresis;Numerical simulation
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Brunel University
Citation: 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece, 22-24 August 2011
Abstract: In this paper we have studied the migration of a colloidal particle under the influence of an external electric field in an electrolyte solution. The colloidal particle is considered to be rigid or a composite particle. The composite particle, the "soft particle", consist an inner hard core coated with a concentric porous layer containing uniformly distributed fixed charges. Situations in which the particle translates along the direction of the imposed electric field with electrophoretic velocity as well as velocity higher than that, is considered. The nonlinear electrokinetic motion and forces experienced by the particle is evaluated through solving the Navier-Stokes, Nernst-Planck and Poisson equations. A pressure correction based iterative algorithm is adopted for the numerical computations. The effect of nonlinear inertial terms in Navier-Stokes equations on the polarization of the EDL and ion distribution near the particle is analyzed. The dependence of hydrodynamic drag and electrostatic force experienced by the particle under several flow conditions is studied. Our results show that as the particle velocity rises from its electrophoretic velocity the hydrodynamic drag gradually approaches the Stokes drag and the electric force diminishes. At large translational speed of the particle, the net charge distribution around the particle is governed by both diffusion and advection mechanisms.
Description: This paper was presented at the 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011), which was held at the Makedonia Palace Hotel, Thessaloniki in Greece. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Italian Union of Thermofluiddynamics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University of Thessaly, IPEM, the Process Intensification Network, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Heat Transfer Society, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group, and the Energy Institute.
ISBN: 978-1-902316-98-7
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)
The Brunel Collection

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