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Title: The effect of flow coefficient on the design of miniature centrifugal impeller
Authors: Liu, G
Chan, WK
3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011)
Keywords: Miniature centrifugal impeller design;Flow coefficient
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Brunel University
Citation: 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece, 22-24 August 2011
Abstract: A systematic and simple design methodology of miniature centrifugal impeller is proposed. In the design of miniature centrifugal impeller, the flow coefficient ϕ1 plays a significant role. Theoretically, the geometric parameters, including inner radius, blade angles and blade height can be expressed as functions of the flow coefficient. Accordingly, the theoretical head and energy losses are also influenced by the flow coefficient. To investigate the effect of flow coefficient, a series of miniature impellers are designed for different flow coefficients, and CFD simulations are conducted. Both theoretical analysis and CFD simulations show similar trends. Initially, the pressure generated increases with increasing flow coefficient. Upon reaching a maximum, it will subsequently decrease with increasing flow coefficient. Hence, an optimal flow coefficient should be chosen to achieve the best performance. From the theoretical results, the maximum pressure generated occurs when the flow coefficient is approximately 2.8, while for CFD, it is approximately 1.3. The difference between the theoretical analysis and CFD simulation shows that the theoretical model should be further improved to enhance its accuracy.
Description: This paper was presented at the 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011), which was held at the Makedonia Palace Hotel, Thessaloniki in Greece. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Italian Union of Thermofluiddynamics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University of Thessaly, IPEM, the Process Intensification Network, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Heat Transfer Society, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group, and the Energy Institute.
ISBN: 978-1-902316-98-7
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)
The Brunel Collection

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