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Title: Higher-Order Energy Expansions and Spike Locations
Authors: Winter, M
Wei, J
Keywords: Higher-Order Energy Expansions,;Ricci Curvature
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Calc Var Partial Differential Equations 20 (2004), 403-430
Abstract: We consider the following singularly perturbed semilinear elliptic problem: (I)\left\{ \begin{array}{l} \epsilon^{2} \Delta u - u + f(u)=0 \ \ \mbox{in} \ \Omega, \\ u>0 \ \ \mbox{in} \ \ \Omega \ \ \mbox{and} \ \frac{\partial u}{\partial \nu} =0 \ \mbox{on} \ \partial \Omega, \end{array} \right. where \Om is a bounded domain in R^N with smooth boundary \partial \Om, \ep>0 is a small constant and f is some superlinear but subcritical nonlinearity. Associated with (I) is the energy functional J_\ep defined by J_\ep [u]:= \int_\Om \left(\frac{\ep^2}{2} |\nabla u|^2 + \frac{1}{2} u^2- F(u)\right) dx \ \ \ \ \ \mbox{for} \ u \in H^1 (\Om), where F(u)=\int_0^u f(s)ds. Ni and Takagi proved that for a single boundary spike solution u_\ep, the following asymptotic expansion holds: J_\ep [u_\ep] =\ep^{N} \Bigg[ \frac{1}{2} I[w] -c_1 \ep H(P_\ep) + o(\ep)\Bigg], where c_1>0 is a generic constant, P_\ep is the unique local maximum point of u_\ep and H(P_\ep) is the boundary mean curvature function at P_\ep \in \partial \Om. In this paper, we obtain a higher-order expansion of J_\ep [u_\ep]: J_\ep [u_\ep] =\ep^{N} \Bigg[ \frac{1}{2} I[w] -c_1 \ep H(P_\ep) + \ep^2 [c_2 (H(P_\ep))^2 + c_3 R (P_\ep)]+ o(\ep^2)\Bigg] where c_2, c_3 are generic constants and R(P_\ep) is the Ricci scalar curvature at P_\ep. In particular c_3 >0. Some applications of this expansion are given.
ISSN: The original publication is available at
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mathematics Research Papers
Mathematical Sciences

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