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Title: Optimum take-off angle in the standing long jump
Authors: Wakai, M
Linthorne, NP
Keywords: Biomechanics;Projectile;Standing long jump;Take-off angle
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Human Movement Science 24(1): 81-96, Feb 2005
Abstract: The aim of this study was to identify and explain the optimum projection angle that maximises the distance achieved in a standing long jump. Five physically active males performed maximum-effort jumps over a wide range of take-off angles, and the jumps were recorded and analysed using a 2-D video analysis procedure. The total jump distance achieved was considered as the sum of three component distances (take-off, flight, and landing), and the dependence of each component distance on the take-off angle was systematically investigated. The flight distance was strongly affected by a decrease in the jumper’s take-off speed with increasing take-off angle, and the take-off distance and landing distance steadily decreased with increasing take-off angle due to changes in the jumper’s body configuration. The optimum take-off angle for the jumper was the angle at which the three component distances combined to produce the greatest jump distance. Although the calculated optimum take-off angles (19–27º) were lower than the jumpers’ preferred take-off angles (31–39º), the loss in jump distance through using a sub-optimum take-off angle was relatively small.
Appears in Collections:Sport
Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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