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Title: Experimental study of the mechanics of the intra-aortic balloon
Authors: Biglino, Giovanni
Advisors: Khir, A
Sutherland, IA
Keywords: Counterpulsation;Mock circulatory system;Wave intensity analysis;Cardiac assist devices;Biofluid mechanics
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: This thesis deals with the mechanics of the Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump (IABP), the most widely used temporary cardiac assist device, whose beneficial action is based on the principle of counterpulsation. The investigation is carried out in vitro in increasingly more realistic setups, including a mock circulatory system with physiological distribution of peripheral resistance and compliance in which IABP counterpulsation was simulated. Pressure and flow measurements show the effect of variables such as intra-luminal pressure, angle and aortic compliance on balloon hemodynamics. These data are complemented by results on the duration of balloon inflation and deflation obtained by means of high-speed camera visualisation. Furthermore, wave intensity analysis is carried out and it is identified as a possible alternative method for the assessment of IABP performance. This work includes two prototypes of intra-aortic balloons of novel shape with the balloon chamber tapering both from and toward the balloon tip. In clinical terms, with reference to the semi-recumbent position in which patients assisted with the IABP are nursed in the intensive care unit, the results presented in this thesis indicate that operating the balloon at an angle compromises the benefit of counterpulsation when assessed in vitro.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University.
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)

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