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Title: Numerical modeling of dielectrophoretic effect for manipulation of bio-particles
Authors: Malnar, Branimir
Advisors: Balachandran, W
Keywords: Dielectrophoresis;Doctor on chip;Lab on chip;Finite difference method;DNA
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Brunel University School of Engineering and Design PhD Theses
Abstract: This text describes different aspects of the design of a Doctor-on-a-Chip device. Doctor-on-a-Chip is a DNA analysis system integrated on a single chip, which should provide all of the advantages that stem from the system integration, such as small sample volume, fast and accurate analysis, and low cost. The text describes all of the steps of the on-chip sample analysis, including DNA extraction from the sample, purification, PCR amplification, novel dielectrophoretic sorting of the DNA molecules, and finally detection. The overview is given of the technologies which are available to make the integration on a single chip possible. The microfluidic technologies that are used to manipulate the sample and other chemical reagents are already known and in this text they are analyzed in terms of their feasibility in the on-chip system integration. These microfluidic technologies include, but are not limited to, microvalves, micromixers, micropumps, and chambers for PCR amplification. The novelty in the DNA analysis brought by Doctor-on-a-Chip is the way in which the different DNA molecules in the sample (for example, human and virus DNA) are sorted into different populations. This is done by means of dielectrophoresis – the force experienced by dielectric particles (such as DNA molecules) when subject to a non-uniform electric field. Different DNA molecules within a sample experience different dielectrophoretic forces within the same electric field, which makes their separation, and therefore detection, possible. In this text, the emphasis is put on numerical modelling of the dielectrophoretic effect on biological particles. The importance of numerical modelling lies in the fact that with the accurate model it is easier to design systems of microelectrodes for dielectrophoretic separation, and tune their sub-micrometre features to achieve the maximum separation efficacy. The numerical model described in this text is also experimentally verified with the novel microelectrodes design for dielectrophoretic separation, which is successfully used to separate the mixture of different particles in the micron and sub-micron range.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University.
Appears in Collections:Electronic and Computer Engineering
Dept of Electronic and Computer Engineering Theses

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