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Title: A portable CCD array detector for in-situ analysis of powder samples using combined x-ray diffraction/x-ray fluorescence techniques
Authors: Intisar, Amir
Advisors: Hutchinson, I
Keywords: Mars;Polycapillary;Optic;Planetary;Pharmaceuticals
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Brunel University School of Engineering and Design PhD Theses
Abstract: This work describes the design, development and testing of a portable charge-coupled device detector system to be used for the simultaneous collection of X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence data from powdered samples. The detector was designed for both terrestrial and extra-terrestrial applications that require in-situ analysis of samples, where access to a laboratory instrument is restricted. The detector system incorporates 4 e2v technologies CCD30-11 devices, employing multi-phase pinned technology for low noise operation. Geometrical calculations and thermal studies concerning the design of the detector are presented, with particular emphasis on motivations for the chosen geometry. Initial characterisation and calibration of the detector was performed in a laboratory environment using a purpose built test facility. The test facility included a high brightness X-ray micro-source from Bede Scientific Instruments, coupled with an XOS polycapillary collimating optic, which was used to deliver a focused beam of low divergent X-rays to the sample. The design of the test facility is discussed and the spectra and flux produced by the X-ray micro-source are investigated. The operational performance of the detector is highlighted and the use of the instrument in different applications is described, namely the planetary sciences and pharmaceuticals sector. Finally, based on the knowledge gained from initial testing of the instrument, improvements to the detector design are outlined, which greatly enhance the combined X-ray diffraction/X-ray fluorescence performance of the instrument.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University.
Appears in Collections:Design
Dept of Design Theses

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