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Title: Flow patterns and heat transfer for flow boiling in small to micro diameter tubes
Authors: Karayiannis, TG
Shiferaw, D
Kenning, DBR
Wadekar, VV
Keywords: Flow patterns;Heat transfer;Flow boiling;Small;Micro;Tubes
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: HEAT'2008
Citation: Fifth International Conference on Transport Phenomena in Multiphase Systems (HEAT 2008), Bialystok, Poland, 30 June - 3 July, 2008
Abstract: An overview of the recent developments in the study of flow patterns and boiling heat transfer in small to micro diameter tubes is presented. The latest results of a long-term study of flow boiling of R134a in five vertical stainless steel tubes of internal diameter 4.26, 2.88, 2.01, 1.1 and 0.52 mm are then discussed. During these experiments, the mass flux was varied from 100 to 700 kg/m2s and the heat flux from as low as 1.6 to 135 kW/m2. Five different pressures were studied, namely 6, 8, 10, 12 and 14 bar. The flow regimes were observed at a glass section located directly at the exit of the heated test section. The range of diameters was chosen to investigate thresholds for macro, small or micro tube characteristics. The heat transfer coefficients in tubes ranging from 4.26 mm down to 1.1 mm increased with heat flux and system pressure, but did not change with vapour quality for low quality values. At higher quality, the heat transfer coefficients decreased with quality, indicating local dryout. There was no significant difference between the characteristics and magnitude of the heat transfer coefficients in the 4.26 mm and 2.88 mm tubes but the coefficients in the 2.01 and 1.1 mm tube higher. The heat transfer results suggested that a tube size of about 2 mm might be considered as a critical diameter to distinguish small and conventional tubes, This is consistent with an earlier study of flow patterns, in which confined bubble flow was observed only in the 2.01 and 1.1 mm tubes. Further differences have now been observed in the 0.52 mm tube: ring flow appeared over a significant range of quality/heat flux and dispersed flow was not observed. The heat transfer characteristics were also different from those in the larger tubes. The data fell into two groups that exhibited different influences of heat flux below and above a heat flux threshold. These differences, both in flow patterns and heat transfer, indicate a possible second change from small to micro behaviour at diameters less than 1 mm for R134a.
Appears in Collections:Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers

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