Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://buratest.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/2131
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorGobet, F-
dc.coverage.spatial7en
dc.date.accessioned2008-05-01T13:13:52Z-
dc.date.available2008-05-01T13:13:52Z-
dc.date.issued1998-
dc.identifier.citationGobet, F. (1998). Memory for the meaningless: How chunks help. Proceedings of the 20th Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. (pp. 398-403). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/2131-
dc.description.abstractIt is a classic result in cognitive science that chess masters can recall briefly presented positions better than weaker players when these positions are meaningful, but that their superiority disappears with random positions. However, Gobet and Simon (1996a) have recently shown that there is a skill effect with random chess positions as well. The impact of this result for theories of expert memory is discussed. CHREST, a computational, chunking model of chess expertise based on EPAM (Feigenbaum & Simon, 1984) accounts for this skill difference. The model is also compared with human data from an experiment where the role of presentation time for random positions was systematically varied from 1 second to 60 seconds. Simulations show that the model captures the main features of the human data, thus adding support to the EPAM theory. They also corroborate earlier estimates that visual short-term memory may contain three or four chunks.en
dc.format.extent336601 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isoen-
dc.publisherErlbaumen
dc.subjectchessen
dc.subjectCHRESTen
dc.subjectchunkingen
dc.subjectcomputer modelingen
dc.subjectgame positionsen
dc.subjectrandom positionsen
dc.subjectpresentation timeen
dc.subjectEPAMen
dc.subjectmemoryen
dc.subjecttasken
dc.subjectskillen
dc.subjectexpertiseen
dc.subjectshort-term memory capacityen
dc.subjectSTM capacityen
dc.titleMemory for the meaningless: How chunks helpen
dc.typeResearch Paperen
Appears in Collections:Psychology
Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
PT-Cogsci - 1998.pdf328.71 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in BURA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.