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Title: Error by design: Methods for predicting device usability
Authors: Stanton, NA
Baber, C
Keywords: Design methods; Errors; Psychology of design; User behaviour
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Design Studies - 23(4): 363-384, Jul 2002
Abstract: This paper introduces the idea of predicting ‘designer error’ by evaluating devices using Human Error Identification (HEI) techniques. This is demonstrated using Systematic Human Error Reduction and Prediction Approach (SHERPA) and Task Analysis For Error Identification (TAFEI) to evaluate a vending machine. Appraisal criteria which rely upon user opinion, face validity and utilisation are questioned. Instead a quantitative approach, based upon signal detection theory, is recommended. The performance of people using SHERPA and TAFEI are compared with heuristic judgement and each other. The results of these studies show that both SHERPA and TAFEI are better at predicting errors than the heuristic technique. The performance of SHERPA and TAFEI are comparable, giving some confidence in the use of these approaches. It is suggested that using HEI techniques as part of the design and evaluation process could help to make devices easier to use.
Appears in Collections:Ergonomics
Dept of Design Research Papers

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