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Title: Situational awareness and safety
Authors: Stanton, NA
Chambers, PRG
Piggott, J
Keywords: Situational awareness;Errors;Cognitive models;Teams;Design
Issue Date: 2001
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Safety Science. 39(3): 189-204
Abstract: This paper considers the applicability of situation awareness concepts to safety in the control of complex systems. Much of the research to date has been conducted in aviation, which has obvious safety implications. It is argued that the concepts could be extended to other safety critical domains. The paper presents three theories of situational awareness: the three-level model, the interactive sub-systems approach, and the perceptual cycle. The difference between these theories is the extent to which they emphasise process or product as indicative of situational awareness. Some data from other studies are discussed to consider the negative effects of losing situational awareness, as this has serious safety implications. Finally, the application of situational awareness to system design, and training are presented.
Appears in Collections:Ergonomics
Dept of Design Research Papers

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