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Title: A combined study of heat and mass transfer in an infant incubator with an overhead screen
Authors: Ginalski, MK
Nowak, AJ
Wrobel, LC
Keywords: Computational fluid dynamics;biomedical engineering;incubators;overhead screens;coupled heat and mass transfer
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Ginalski, M.K., Nowak, A.J. and Wrobel, L.C., A Combined Study of Heat and Mass Transfer in an Infant Incubator with an Overhead Screen, Medical Engineering & Physics, Vol. 29, 531-541, 2007
Abstract: The main objective of this study is to investigate the major physical processes taking place inside an infant incubator, before and after modifications have been made to its interior chamber. The modification involves the addition of an overhead screen to decrease radiation heat losses from the infant placed inside the incubator. The present study investigates the effect of these modifications on the convective heat flux from the infant’s body to the surrounding environment inside the incubator. A combined analysis of airflow and heat transfer due to conduction, convection, radiation and evaporation has been performed, in order to calculate the temperature and velocity fields inside the incubator before and after the design modification. Due to the geometrical complexity of the model, Computer-Aided Design (CAD) applications were used to generate a computer-based model. All numerical calculations have been performed using the commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) package FLUENT, together with in-house routines used for managing purposes and User-Defined Functions (UDFs) which extend the basic solver capabilities. Numerical calculations have been performed for three different air inlet temperatures: 32, 34 and 36ºC. The study shows a decrease of the radiative and convective heat losses when the overhead screen is present. The results obtained were numerically verified as well as compared with results available in the literature from investigations of dry heat losses from infant manikins.
ISSN: 1350-4533
Appears in Collections:Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Advanced Manufacturing and Enterprise Engineering (AMEE)
Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers

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