Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://buratest.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/1661
Title: No increase in radiation-induced chromosome aberration complexity detected by m-FISH after culture in the presence of 5’-bromodeoxyuridine
Authors: Sumption, ND
Goodhead, DT
Anderson, RM
Keywords: BrdU;Complex chromosome aberrations;High-LET α-particle radiation;Human lymphocytes;M-FISH
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Mutation Research: Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis. 594(1-2): 30-38
Abstract: The thymidine analogue, 5’-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), is a known mutagen that is routinely introduced into culture media for subsequent Harlequin stain analysis and determination of cell cycle status. Previously, we examined the induction of chromosome aberrations in human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) known to be in their 1st cell division following exposure to a low dose (0.5 Gy, average one -particle per cell) of high-LET α-particles. We found complex chromosome aberrations to be characteristic of exposure to high-LET radiation and suggested the features of complex exchange to reflect qualitatively the spatial deposition of this densely ionising radiation. To exclude the possibility that BrdU addition post-irradiation influenced the complexity of chromosomal damage observed by m-FISH, the effect of increasing BrdU concentration on aberration complexity was investigated. Comparisons between BrdU concentration (0, 10, and 40 M) and between sham- and α-particle irradiated PBL, were made both independently and in combination to enable discrimination between BrdU and high-LET radiation effects. Aberration type, size, complexity and completeness were assessed by m-FISH, and the relative progression through cell division was evaluated. We found no evidence of any qualitative difference in the complexity of damage as visualized by m-FISH but did observe an increase in the frequency of complex exchanges with increasing BrdU concentration indicative of altered cell cycle kinetics. The parameters measured here are consistent with findings from previous in vitro and in vivo work, indicating that each complex aberration visualised by m-FISH is characteristic of the structure of the high-LET α-particle track and the geometry of cell irradiated.
URI: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/1661
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2005.07.007
ISSN: 0027-5107
Appears in Collections:Biological Sciences
Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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