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Title: Performance evaluation of a low-grade power generation system with CO<inf>2</inf> transcritical power cycles
Authors: Ge, YT
Li, L
Luo, X
Tassou, SA
Keywords: CO2 transcritical rankine cycles;CO2 power generation system;Experimental investigation;Modelling
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Applied Energy, (2017)
Abstract: Globally, there are vast amounts of low-grade heat sources from industrial waste and renewables that can be converted into electricity through advanced thermodynamic power cycles and appropriate working fluids. In terms of the working fluid's environmental impact, temperature match of cycle heat processes and system compactness, CO 2 transcritical power cycles (T-CO 2 ) were deemed more applicable for low-grade heat to power conversion. However, the system thermal efficiency of a T-CO 2 requires further improvement. Subsequently, a test rig of the small-scale power generation system with T-CO 2 power cycles was developed with essential connected components. These include a plate thermal coil CO 2 supercritical heater, a CO 2 transcritical turbine, a plate recuperator, an air-cooled finned-tube CO 2 condenser and a CO 2 liquid pump. Various preliminary test results from the system measurements are demonstrated in this paper. Meanwhile, the system model has been developed and applied to predict system performance at different operating conditions. The simulation results can therefore instruct further design and optimisation of system and components.
ISSN: 0306-2619
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers

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