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Title: Metabolic signatures of birthweight in 18 288 adolescents and adults
Authors: Wang, Q
Niironen, M
Tynkkynen, T
Tiainen, M
Drenos, F
Kangas, AJ
Soininen, P
Skilton, MR
Heikkilä, K
Pouta, A
Kähönen, M
Lehtimäki, T
Rose, RJ
Kajantie, E
Perola, M
Kaprio, J
Eriksson, JG
Raitakari, OT
Lawlor, DA
Davey Smith, G
Järvelin, M-R
Ala-Korpela, M
Auro, K
Keywords: Fetal programming,;metabolic signatures,;metabolomics;adiposity,;fatty acids;, amino acids
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: International Journal of Epidemiology, 2016, 45 (5), pp. 1539 - 1550
Abstract: bstract Background: Lower birthweight is associated with increased susceptibility to cardiome-tabolic diseases in adulthood, but the underlying molecular pathways are incompletely understood. We examined associations of birthweight with a comprehensive metabolic profile measured in adolescents and adults. Methods: High-throughput nuclear magnetic resonance metabolomics and biochemical assays were used to quantify 87 circulating metabolic measures in seven cohorts from Finland and the UK, comprising altogether 18 288 individuals (mean age 26 years, range 15–75). Metabolic associations with birthweight were assessed by linear regression mod-els adjusted for sex, gestational age and age at blood sampling. The metabolic associ-ations with birthweight were compared with the corresponding associations with adult body mass index (BMI). Results: Lower birthweight adjusted for gestational age was adversely associated with cardiometabolic biomarkers, including lipoprotein subclasses, fatty acids, amino acids and markers of inflammation and impaired liver function (P < 0.0015 for 46 measures). Associations were consistent across cohorts with different ages at metabolic profiling, but the magnitudes were weak. The pattern of metabolic deviations associated with lower birthweight resembled the metabolic signature of higher adult BMI (R2 ¼ 0.77) as-sessed at the same time as the metabolic profiling. The resemblance indicated that 1 kg lower birthweight is associated with similar metabolic aberrations as caused by 0.92 units higher BMI in adulthood. Conclusions: Lower birthweight adjusted for gestational age is associated with adverse biomarker aberrations across multiple metabolic pathways. Coherent metabolic signatures between lower birthweight and higher adult adiposity suggest that shared molecular pathways may potentially underpin the metabolic deviations. However, the magnitudes of metabolic associations with birthweight are modest in comparison to the effects of adiposity, implying that birthweight is only a weak indicator of the metabolic risk profile in adulthood.
ISSN: 0300-5771
Appears in Collections:Dept of Clinical Sciences Research Papers

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