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|Title:||Optimization of the design of ducted-fan hovering micro air vehicles using finite element simulation and orthogonal design|
|Keywords:||Yanan Yu;Qingping Yang;Xiangjun Wang;Jian Wang|
|Citation:||Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 227 (3): pp. 443 - 452, (2013)|
|Abstract:||The structural design and flight stability characteristics of micro air vehicles have received much attention due to its low Reynolds number. Compared with fixed-wing aircraft, hovering ducted-fan micro air vehicles with vertical takeoff and landing and hovering capabilities have promising prospect. In this article, a flexible membrane and inflatable structure has been used as the aerodynamic shape of an aircraft model. Its advantages have been analyzed and verified by fluid-structure interaction based on finite element method. The flight stability of hovering micro air vehicles has also been investigated based on the theory of motion of structure. In order to improve the flight stability of the designed hovering micro air vehicle model, the effects of geometrical parameters and materials have been analyzed through an orthogonal experimental design. Based on the optimized results, the aircraft prototype has been manufactured for experimental test. The elastic deformation produced on its flexible membrane structure is obtained by stroboscopic stereo imaging method and a purpose-built experimental environment. The numerical simulation results indicated that the thickness of membrane and material of vertical duct have significant effects on the micro air vehicle flight stability and disturbance resistance ability. The results have confirmed that the flexible aerodynamic mechanisms produced by the aeroelastic deformation of spherical membrane can enhance the micro air vehicle stability.|
|Appears in Collections:||Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers|
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