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Title: Investigating Crack Initiation and Propagation of Concrete in Restrained Shrinkage Circular/Elliptical Ring Test
Authors: Dong, W
Zhou, X
Wu, Z
Xu, B
Keywords: Concrete;Early-age cracking;Restrained shrinkage;Fracture mechanics;Crack propagation process;Elliptical ring test
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Citation: Materials and Structures,50 (1):pp. 1 - 13, (2016)
Abstract: The restrained ring test, which is recommended by AASHTO and ASTM, has been used for assessing the potential of early-age cracking of concrete and other cement-based materials. Recently, a novel elliptical ring test method has been proposed to replace the circular ring test method for the purpose of shortening ring test duration and observing crack initiation and propagation more conveniently. In order to explore the mechanism of this novel test method, a numerical model is developed to analyze crack initiation and propagation process in restrained concrete rings, in which the effect of concrete shrinkage is simulated by a fictitious temperature drop applied on concrete causing the same strain as that induced by shrinkage. First, an elastic analysis is conducted to obtain the circumferential stress contour of a concrete ring subject to restrained shrinkage. Combined with the fictitious crack model, a fracture mechanics method is introduced to determine crack initiation and propagation, in which crack resistance caused by cohesive force acting on fracture process zone is considered. Finite element analysis is carried out to simulate the evolution of stress intensity factor in restrained concrete rings subject to circumferential drying. Cracking age and position of a series of circular/elliptical concrete rings are obtained from numerical analyses which agree reasonably well with experimental results. It is found that the sudden drop of steel strain observed in the restrained ring test represents the onset of unstable crack propagation rather than crack initiation. The results given by the AASHTO/ASTM restrained ring test actually reflects the response of a concrete ring as a structure to external stimulation, in this case restrained concrete shrinkage.
ISSN: 1871-6873
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers

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