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Title: Numerical modelling of composite floor slabs subject to large defections
Authors: Florides, MM
Cashell, KA
Keywords: Composite slabs;Fire;Numerical modelling;Tensile membrane action;BRE method
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Structures, (2016)
Abstract: This paper is concernedwith the ultimate behaviour of composite floor slabs. Steel/concrete composite structures are increasingly common in the UK and worldwide, particularly for multi-storey construction. The popularity of this construction formis mainly due to the excellent efficiency offered in terms of structural behaviour, construction time and material usage all of which are particularly attractive given the ever-increasing demands for improved sustainability in construction. In this context, the engineering research community has focused considerable effort in recent years towards understanding the response of composite structures during extreme events, such as fires. In particular, the contribution made by the floor slab system is of crucial importance as its ability to undergo secondary load-carrying mechanisms (e.g. membrane action) once conventional strength limits have been reached may prevent overall collapse of the structure. Researchers have focused on developing the fundamental understanding of the complex behaviour of floor slabs and also improving themethods of analysis. Building on thiswork, the current paper describes the development and validation of a finite element model which can simulate the response of floor slab systems until failure, both at ambient and elevated temperature. The model can represent the complexities of the behaviour including the temperature-dependent material and geometric nonlinearities. It is first developed at ambient temperature and validated using a series of experiments on isolated slab elements. The most salient parameters are identified and studied. Thereafter, the model is extended to include the effects of elevated temperature so it can be employed to investigate the behaviour under these conditions. Comparisons with current design procedures are assessed and discussed.
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers

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