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Title: Machine-learning approaches for modelling fish population dynamics
Authors: Trifonova, Neda
Advisors: Tucker, A
Keywords: Bayesian networks;Ecological data analysis;Computer science;Biomass;Climate change
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Brunel University London
Abstract: Ecosystems consist of complex dynamic interactions among species and the environment, the understanding of which has implications for predicting the environmental response to changes in climate and biodiversity. Understanding the nature of functional relationships (such as prey-predator) between species is important for building predictive models. However, modelling the interactions with external stressors over time and space is also essential for ecosystem-based approaches to fisheries management. With the recent adoption of more explorative tools, like Bayesian networks, in predictive ecology, fewer assumptions can be made about the data and complex, spatially varying interactions can be recovered from collected field data and combined with existing knowledge. In this thesis, we explore Bayesian network modelling approaches, accounting for latent effects to reveal species dynamics within geographically different marine ecosystems. First, we introduce the concept of functional equivalence between different fish species and generalise trophic structure from different marine ecosystems in order to predict influence from natural and anthropogenic sources. The importance of a hidden variable in fish community change studies of this nature was acknowledged because it allows causes of change which are not purely found within the constrained model structure. Then, a functional network modelling approach was developed for the region of North Sea that takes into consideration unmeasured latent effects and spatial autocorrelation to model species interactions and associations with external factors such as climate and fisheries exploitation. The proposed model was able to produce novel insights on the ecosystem's dynamics and ecological interactions mainly because it accounts for the heterogeneous nature of the driving factors within spatially differentiated areas and their changes over time. Finally, a modified version of this dynamic Bayesian network model was used to predict the response of different ecosystem components to change in anthropogenic and environmental factors. Through the development of fisheries catch, temperature and productivity scenarios, we explore the future of different fish and zooplankton species and examine what trends of fisheries exploitation and environmental change are potentially beneficial in terms of ecological stability and resilience. Thus, we were able to provide a new data-driven modelling approach which might be beneficial to give strategic advice on potential response of the system to pressure.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University London.
Appears in Collections:Computer Science
Dept of Computer Science Theses

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