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Title: Experimental investigations into low concentrating line axis solar concentrators for CPV applications
Authors: Singh, H
Sabry, M
Redpath, DAG
Keywords: Photovoltaic (PV);Concentrating PV (CPV);V-trough;Compound parabolic concentrating (CPC);PV-thermal;Photodiode
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Solar Energy, 136: pp. 421–427, (2016)
Abstract: Solar photovoltaic conversion systems with integrated, low concentration ratio, non-imaging reflective concentrators, could be on south facing building roofs used to generate power at a lower cost than currently available proprietary systems. The experimental investigation presented by this research provides information on the optical and energy conversion characteristics of two geometrically equivalent non-imaging concentrators; a compound parabolic concentrator and a V-trough reflector. The aim was to investigate the assumption of uniform cell illumination when PV cells located on the receiver surface with their central axes are aligned parallel with the focal line of the line-axis concentrator. Solar radiation incident was measured at the aperture and the PV cell surface using respectively a pyranometer and photodiodes at six different collector tilt angles of 0°, 10°, 20°, 30°, 40° and 52°. The analysis of the collected experimental data presented demonstrated that the V-trough system had a more even distribution of solar radiation than the CPC and a higher optical concentration ratio (ratio of solar radiation incident on the aperture cover to that incident on the receiver) though the geometrical concentration ratio of the two collectors was equal to 2.2×. Also, the V-trough concentrator had an electrical power output up to 17.2% higher than the CPC system at a specific tilt angle of 30°. The V-trough had a consistently higher receiver plate temperature as it was reflecting larger quantities of solar radiation than the CPC. Over 17 consecutive typical summer days’ similar performance was observed over the range of tilt angles studied. The development of V-trough concentrators should be preferred due to higher power production, reduced complexity, increased uniformity of illumination and lower manufacturing costs compared to CPCs.
ISSN: 0038-092X
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers

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