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|Title:||Early growth response genes 2 and 3 regulate the expression of Bcl6 and differentiation of T follicular helper cells|
|Keywords:||Antibody;Cellular immune response;T helper cells;Transcription factor;Viral immunology|
|Publisher:||American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|Citation:||Journal of Biological Chemistry, 290(33): pp. 20455-20465, (2015)|
|Abstract:||T follicular helper (Tfh) cells support differentiation of B cells to plasma cells and high affinity antibody production in germinal centers (GC) and Tfh differentiation requires the function of B cell lymphoma 6 (Bcl6). We have now discovered that early growth response gene (Egr) 2 and 3 directly regulate the expression of Bcl6 in Tfh cells which is required for their function in regulation of GC formation. In the absence of Egr2 and 3, the expression of Bcl6 in Tfh cells is defective leading to impaired differentiation of Tfh cells resulting in a failure to form GCs following virus infection and defects in production of anti-viral antibodies. Enforced expression of Bcl6 in Egr2/3 deficient CD4 T cells partially restored Tfh differentiation and GC formation in response to virus infection. Our findings demonstrate a novel function of Egr2/3 which is important for Tfh cell development and Tfh cell mediated B cell immune responses.|
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