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Title: Decentralized power and heat derived from an eco-innovative integrated gasification fuel cell combined cycle
Authors: Doyle, Tygue Stuart
Advisors: Dehouche, Z
Keywords: Energy from waste;Gasification;Hydrogen energy;Fuel cells;Energy storage
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Brunel University London
Abstract: This research investigates the energy, financial and environmental performance of an innovative integrated gasification fuel cell combined cycle fuelled by municipal solid waste that includes hydrogen storage and electrolysis. The suitability for fuel cells to run on synthesis gas coming from the gasification of waste is determined by the sensitivity of the fuel cell to run on contaminated fuel. Out of the available fuel cell technologies solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), because of their ceramic construction and high operating temperatures, are best suited for syngas operation. Their high operating temperature (>650°C) and the presence of nickel at the anode means that it is possible to reform hydrocarbons to provide further hydrogen. A major contaminant to be considered in gasification systems is tar which can foul pipework and cause substantial performance losses to the plant. Experimental research on the effects of tar on a SOFC at varying concentrations and operating conditions show; that some carbon deposition serves to improve the performance of the fuel cell by reducing the ohmic resistance, and there is a tendency for the tar to reform which improves overall performance. These improvements are seen at moderate tar concentrations but at higher concentrations carbon deposition causes substantial performance degradation. Numerical simulations representing all aspects of the proposed system have been developed to understand the energy performance of the system as a whole as well as the financial and environmental benefits. Taking into account variations in the waste composition, and the wholesale electricity price the proposed system, scaled to process 100,000 tonnes of waste per year (40,000 removed for recycling), has a simple payback period of 7.2 years whilst providing CO2 savings of 13%. Over the year the proposed system will provide enough electricity to supply more than 23,000 homes and enough heat for more than 5,800 homes (supplying 25% of the electrically supplied homes).
Description: This thesis was submitted for the award of Doctor of Engineering and was awarded by Brunel University London
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Theses

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