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Title: Development of a low cost 3x3 coupler Mach-Zehnder interferometric optical fibre vibration sensor
Authors: Wan, KT
Keywords: Optical fibre;Mach-Zehnder interferometer;Vibration sensor
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Citation: HKIE Transactions Hong Kong Institution of Engineers, 22(4): 247-251, (2015)
Abstract: In this paper, a low-cost 3 × 3 coupler Mach–Zehnder interferometric optical fibre vibration sensor is proposed. Unlike the traditional Mach–Zehnder interferometer with a strain free reference arm, two parallel optical fibres with different strain transfer sensitivities are adopted. With the proper demodulation algorithm, the time rate of change in strain can be computed from the light signal of the outputs of a 3 × 3 coupler. The proposed optical fibre vibration sensor is verified by experiment. The vibrating frequency spectrum of a two-layer metal frame is measured by both the proposed optical fibre vibration sensor and micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS)-based accelerometers. It was found that the proposed vibration sensor is more sensitive compared to the MEMS-based accelerometer, unless it is located near a zero-strain region. Several proposed sensors can easily be multiplexed to minimise the overall cost.
ISSN: 1023-697X
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers

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