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Title: An RF excited plasma cathode electron beam gun design
Authors: del Pozo, S
Ribton, C
Smith, DR
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: The Union of Electronics, Electrical Engineering and Telecommunications
Citation: Electrotechnica & Electronica, 49, No 5-6, Electron Beam Technologies, Varna, Bulgaria, (8- 12 June 2014)
Abstract: A plasma cathode electron beam (EB) gun is presented in this work. A radio frequency (RF) excited plasma at 84 MHz was used as the electron source to produce a beam power of up to 3.2 kW at -60 kV accelerating voltage. The pressure in the plasma chamber is approximately 1 mbar. The electrons are extracted from the plasma chamber to the vacuum chamber (at 10-5 mbar) through a diaphragm with a 0.5 mm diameter nozzle. Advantages over thermionic cathode guns were demonstrated empirically. Maintenance costs are reduced, as the cathode does not wear out as quickly during use. RF modulation can be used for controlling the beam power and thus there is no requirement for a grid cup electrode. Rapid (sub 1 microsecond) beam pulsing is achievable. Optical emission spectroscopy has been used to study the plasma parameters that affect the level of beam current.
ISSN: 0861-4717
Appears in Collections:Dept of Electronic and Computer Engineering Research Papers

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