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Title: Modelling and design of the eco-system of causality for real-time systems
Authors: Danishvar, Morad
Advisors: Mousavi, A
Stoneham, J
Keywords: Event modelling;Sensors and actuators;Complex systems;Input variable selection;Automated fuzzy controllers
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Brunel University London
Abstract: The purpose of this research work is to propose an improved method for real-time sensitivity analysis (SA) applicable to large-scale complex systems. Borrowed from the EventTracker principle of the interrelation of causal events, it deploys the Rank Order Clustering (ROC) method to automatically group every relevant system input to parameters that represent the system state (i.e. output). The fundamental principle of event modelling is that the state of a given system is a function of every acquirable piece of knowledge or data (input) of events that occur within the system and its wider operational environment unless proven otherwise. It therefore strives to build the theoretical and practical foundation for the engineering of input data. The event modelling platform proposed attempts to filter unwanted data, and more importantly, include information that was thought to be irrelevant at the outset of the design process. The underpinning logic of the proposed Event Clustering technique (EventiC) is to build causal relationship between the events that trigger the inputs and outputs of the system. EventiC groups inputs with relevant corresponding outputs and measures the impact of each input variable on the output variables in short spans of time (relative real-time). It is believed that this grouping of relevant input-output event data by order of its importance in real-time is the key contribution to knowledge in this subject area. Our motivation is that components of current complex and organised systems are capable of generating and sharing information within their network of interrelated devices and systems. In addition to being an intelligent recorder of events, EventiC could also be a platform for preliminary data and knowledge construction. This improvement in the quality, and at times the quantity of input data, may lead to improved higher level mathematical formalism. It is hoped that better models will translate into superior controls and decision making. It is therefore believed that the projected outcome of this research work can be used to predict, stabilize (control), and optimize (operational research) the work of complex systems in the shortest possible time. For proof of concept, EventiC was designed using the MATLAB package and implemented using real-time data from the monitoring and control system of a typical cement manufacturing plant. The purpose for this deployment was to test and validate the concept, and to demonstrate whether the clusters of input data and their levels of importance against system performance indicators could be approved by industry experts. EventiC was used as an input variable selection tool for improving the existing fuzzy controller of the plant. Finally, EventiC was compared with its predecessor EventTracker using the same case study. The results revealed improvements in both computational efficiency and the quality of input variable selection.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the award of Doctor of Philosophy and was awarded by Brunel University London.
Appears in Collections:Electronic and Computer Engineering
Dept of Electronic and Computer Engineering Theses

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