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Title: The Influence of Motivation and Attentional Style on Affective, Cognitive, and Behavioral Outcomes of an Exercise Class
Authors: Jones, L
Karageorghis, CI
Lane, AM
Bishop, D
Keywords: Adherence;Attentional focus;Attentional focus;Group exercise;SDT;Structural equation modeling
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, (2015)
Abstract: Since the late 1970s exercise classes have been a popular form of physical activity. A greater understanding of the personal factors that might influence the outcomes of such classes could help to minimize the high dropout rates associated with exercise. The study explored the effects of dominant attentional style and self-determination on affective, cognitive, and behavioral outcomes following structured exercise classes. Data from 417 female participants revealed that those with a dominant attentional style for association (Associators) had significantly (p < .05) more positive affective, cognitive, and behavioral outcomes than Dissociators. One of the most novel findings was that Associators were more self-determined than Dissociators. As expected, highly self-determined individuals reported the most positive outcomes overall. Almost 29% of the variance in affective responses could be explained by the behavioral regulations of Dissociators. Results lend support to the notion that attentional style is associated with motivation. Attentional style and self-determination appear to be noteworthy personal factors that influence people’s responses to exercise classes and could influence their long-term adherence.
ISSN: 0905-7188
Appears in Collections:Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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