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Title: Ultrasonic melt processing: Achievements and challenges
Authors: Eskin, DG
Keywords: Ultrasound;Cavitation;Grain refinement;Degassing;Composite;Aluminum
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Materials Science Forum, 828-829, pp. 112 - 118, (2015)
Abstract: Ultrasonic melt processing of light alloys enjoys the revival in the last 15 years. Although the scientific foundation and first examples of industrial application date back to the 1950s–1970s, the technological application of ultrasound in melt and solidification processing has not been fully accomplished. In recent years, the availability of advanced reliable equipment, new basic knowledge gained through modelling and dedicated experiments, and the industrial demand for clean, environment friendly technology sparked the interest to this technology and ensuing research. This paper reports on the currently achieved level of ultrasound application in light metal processing, i.e. degassing and grain refinement of light alloys and metal-matrix composite material manufacturing, and discusses challenges that still prevent large-scale implementation, both from fundamental and applied point of view. Main mechanisms underlying the effects of ultrasonic processing such as cavitation in melts, nucleation and fragmentation of solid phases, forced convection induced by cavitation zone and acoustic streaming, and mixing and distribution of solid inclusions are explained. The paper is illustrated by examples of own research.
ISSN: 1662-9752
Appears in Collections:Brunel Centre for Advanced Solidification Technology (BCAST)

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