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dc.contributor.authorLowe, PS-
dc.contributor.authorSanderson, R-
dc.contributor.authorBoulgouris, N-
dc.contributor.authorHaig, A-
dc.contributor.authorBalachandran, W-
dc.identifier.citationIEEE Sensors Journal, 16(3): pp. 706 - 714, (2016)en_US
dc.description.abstractLess attention has been given to the inspection using the first longitudinal guided wave mode due to its attenuative and dispersive properties at commonly used UGW operating frequency region (20-100 kHz). However, the first longitudinal guided wave mode has higher flaw sensitivity due to having a shorter wave length and having higher number of non-axisymmetric wave modes at a given frequency. This enhances the capabilities of advanced UGW techniques which require higher number of non-axisymmetric modes. This study has been performed to investigate the potential of mode purity and flaw sensitivity of the first longitudinal guided wave mode compared to other axisymmetric modes in the UGW operating frequency region. Numerical and experimental investigations have been conducted to investigate pure excitation and flaw sensitivity of the first longitudinal guided wave mode. It has been validated that the first longitudinal guided wave mode can be used in UGW inspection effectively in isolation by adopting transducers with out-of-plane vibration. This reduces the cost and weight of the UGW inspection tooling. The flaw sensitivity of the first longitudinal guided wave mode has been investigated by aid of an empirically validated UGW focusing technique. Under the studied conditions in the present paper, the first longitudinal guided wave mode has approximately 5 times higher flaw sensitivity compared to the second longitudinal guided wave mode and approximately 2.5 times higher than the first torsional guided wave mode. This enhances the capability of UGW flaw detection and sizing.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors gratefully acknowledge TWI Ltd and the Centre for Electronic System Research (CESR) of Brunel University for funding that made this study possible.en_US
dc.publisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)en_US
dc.subjectCompression transducersen_US
dc.subjectFirst longitudinal guided wave modeen_US
dc.subjectPipeline inspectionen_US
dc.subjectUltrasonic guided wave focusingen_US
dc.subjectUltrasonic guided wavesen_US
dc.titleInspection of cylindrical structures using the first longitudinal guided wave mode in isolation for higher flaw sensitivityen_US
dc.relation.isPartOfIEEE Sensors Journal-
Appears in Collections:Dept of Electronic and Computer Engineering Research Papers

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