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|Title:||Smallest state spaces for which bipartite entangled quantum states are separable|
|Keywords:||Entangled states;Quantum state;Wigner functions|
|Publisher:||IOP Publishing: Open Access Journals|
|Citation:||New Journal of Physics, 2015, 17|
|Abstract:||According to usual definitions, entangled states cannot be given a separable decomposition in terms of products of local density operators. If we relax the requirement that the local operators be positive, then an entangled quantum state may admit a separable decomposition in terms of more general sets of single-system operators. This form of separability can be used to construct classical models and simulation methods when only a restricted set of measurements is available. With these motivations in mind, we ask what are the smallest sets of local operators such that a pure bipartite entangled quantum state becomes separable? We find that in the case of maximally entangled states there are many inequivalent solutions, including for example the sets of phase point operators that arise in the study of discrete Wigner functions. We therefore provide a new way of interpreting these operators, and more generally, provide an alternative method for constructing local hidden variable models for entangled quantum states under subsets of quantum measurements.|
|Appears in Collections:||Dept of Mathematics Research Papers|
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