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dc.contributor.authorDuan, W-
dc.contributor.authorKirby, R-
dc.identifier.citationFinite Elements in Analysis and Design, 100: 28 - 40, (August 2015)en_US
dc.description.abstractUltrasonic guided waves are used in the non-destructive testing of pipelines. This involves launching an elastic wave along the wall of the pipe and then capturing the returning wave scattered by a defect. Numerical study of wave scattering is often computationally expensive because the shortest wavelength is often very small compared to the size of the pipe in the ultrasonic frequency range. Furthermore, the number of the scattered wave modes from a non-axisymmetric defect in the pipe can be large and separation of these modes is difficult in a conventional finite element method. Accordingly, this article presents a model suitable for studying elastic wave propagation in waveguides with an arbitrary cross-section in the time and frequency domain. A weighted residual formulation is used to deliver an efficient hybrid numerical formulation, which is applied to a long pipeline containing a defect of arbitrary shape. The problem is solved first in the frequency domain and then extended to the time domain using an inverse Fourier transform. To separate the scattered wave modes in the time domain, a technique is proposed whereby measurement locations are arranged axially along the pipe and a two dimensional Fourier transform is used to present data in the wavenumber-frequency domain. This enables the separation of highly dispersive modes and the recovery of modal amplitudes. This has the potential to reveal more information about the characteristics of a defect and so may help in distinguishing between different type of defects, such a cracks or regions of corrosion, typically found in pipelines.en_US
dc.format.extent28 - 40-
dc.subjectUltrasonic guided waveen_US
dc.subjectNon-axisymmetric defecten_US
dc.subjectHybrid finite element methoden_US
dc.subjectTime domain scattered signalsen_US
dc.subjectSeparation of dispersive modesen_US
dc.titleA numerical model for the scattering of elastic waves from a non-axisymmetric defect in a pipeen_US
dc.relation.isPartOfFinite Elements in Analysis and Design-
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers

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