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Title: Extracting predictive models from marked-p free-text documents at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London
Authors: Kirkup, D
Tucker, A
Keywords: Text-mining;Digitised historical floras;Plant taxonomy data;Habitat-types;Supervised learning
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Springer International Publishing
Citation: Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis XIII, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 8819: 309-320, ( 2014)
Abstract: In this paper we explore the combination of text-mining, un-supervised and supervised learning to extract predictive models from a corpus of digitised historical floras. These documents deal with the nomenclature, geographical distribution, ecology and comparative morphology of the species of a region. Here we exploit the fact that portions of text in the floras are marked up as different types of trait and habitat. We infer models from these different texts that can predict different habitat-types based upon the traits of plant species. We also integrate plant taxonomy data in order to assist in the validation of our models. We have shown that by clustering text describing the habitat of different floras we can identify a number of important and distinct habitats that are associated with particular families of species along with statistical significance scores. We have also shown that by using these discovered habitat-types as labels for supervised learning we can predict them based upon a subset of traits, identified using wrapper feature selection.
ISSN: 0302-9743
Appears in Collections:Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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