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Title: Stochastic models with random parameters for financial markets
Authors: Islyaev, Suren
Advisors: Date, P
Keywords: Kalman filter;Index options;Commodity futures;Stochastic volatility;Model calibration
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Brunel University London
Abstract: The aim of this thesis is a development of a new class of financial models with random parameters, which are computationally efficient and have the same level of performance as existing ones. In particular, this research is threefold. I have studied the evolution of storable commodity and commodity futures prices in time using a new random parameter model coupled with a Kalman filter. Such a combination allows one to forecast arbitrage-free futures prices and commodity spot prices one step ahead. Another direction of my research is a new volatility model, where the volatility is a random variable. The main advantage of this model is high calibration speed compared to the existing stochastic volatility models such as the Bates model or the Heston model. However, the performance of the new model is comparable to the latter. Comprehensive numerical studies demonstrate that the new model is a very competitive alternative to the Heston or the Bates model in terms of accuracy of matching option prices or computing hedging parameters. Finally, a new futures pricing model for electricity futures prices was developed. The new model has a random volatility parameter in its underlying process. The new model has less parameters, as compared to two-factor models for electricity commodity pricing with and without jumps. Numerical experiments with real data illustrate that it is quite competitive with the existing two-factor models in terms of pricing one step ahead futures prices, while being far simpler to calibrate. Further, a new heuristic for calibrating two-factor models was proposed. The new calibration procedure has two stages, offline and online. The offline stage calibrates parameters under a physical measure, while the online stage is used to calibrate the risk-neutrality parameters on each iteration of the particle filter. A particle filter was used to estimate the values of the underlying stochastic processes and to forecast futures prices one step ahead. The contributory material from two chapters of this thesis have been submitted to peer reviewed journals in terms of two papers: • Chapter 4: “A fast calibrating volatility model” has been submitted to the European Journal of Operational Research. • Chapter 5: “Electricity futures price models : calibration and forecasting” has been submitted to the European Journal of Operational Research.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University London.
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mathematics Theses
Mathematical Sciences

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