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Title: Application of the “Full Cavitation Model” to the fundamental study of cavitation in liquid metal processing
Authors: Lebon, GSB
Pericleous, K
Tzanakis, I
Eskin, D
Keywords: Ultrasonic cavitation treatment;Full Cavitation Model;Liquid metal processing
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Citation: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 72: 052050, (2015)
Abstract: Ultrasonic cavitation treatment of melt significantly improves the downstream properties and quality of conventional and advanced metallic materials. However, the transfer of this technology has been hindered by difficulties in treating large volumes of liquid metal. To improve the understanding of cavitation processing efficiency, the Full Cavitation Model, which is derived from a reduced form of the Rayleigh-Plesset equation, is modified and applied to the two-phase problem of bubble propagation in liquid melt. Numerical simulations of the sound propagation are performed in the microsecond time scale to predict the maximum and minimum acoustic pressure amplitude fields in the domain. This field is applied to the source term of the bubble transport equation to predict the generation and destruction of cavitation bubbles in a time scale relevant to the fluid flow. The use of baffles to limit flow speed in a launder conduit is studied numerically, to determine the optimum configuration that maximizes the residence time of the liquid in high cavitation activity regions. With this configuration, it is then possible to convert the batch processing of liquid metal into a continuous process. The numerical simulations will be validated against water and aluminium alloy experiments, carried out at Brunel University.
Description: Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
ISSN: 1757-899X
Appears in Collections:Brunel Centre for Advanced Solidification Technology (BCAST)

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